The Lotto carpets will also be dealt with by border type,after the presently accepted arrangement into three groups:the Anatolian,the Kilim,and the Ornamented style.The grouping was first formulated by G.G Ellis,and although some criticism has been vented from various quarters(mainly due to the terminology)the division is valid.The term "Kilim Style",incidentally,was coined by May Beattie.
The Anatolian Style.
"A" Type Border("Chainlink")There is no record here of this border,which occurs on 19 Holbein carpets.This is strange,as the Anatolian Style Lotto group has usually been considered the oldest,following on or even contemporary with the SPH borders.
The above sold for $29,955 and was later published by Eberhart Herrmann in ATT 5(plate 26)
The above,formerly in the Bode Collection,seems never to have been published in colour and was destroyed in the last war.
Philadelphia 7 has the alternative version of this border with horizontal volutes
From the James Lucas Collection,the following sold on 14 December 2001(lot 48) for $159,750,now with Moshe Tabibnia
David Sorgato`s piece was published by Gigi Pagnano and exhibited at the Hali Fair in 1998
A piece published by the French dealer Roger Bechirian
From the ill-fated Ojjeh Collection via Eskenazi to Chris Alexander
Three fragments from the same carpet(note that the connecting line in the border runs around the outside on all three pieces)
|250-Keir Collection 17|
|251-Munich ICOC Catalogue 2-6|
|252-Sothebys 5 April 2006-57|
|253-Keir Collection 16|
D Type Border("X-Box")
The Viale carpet is from the Poglighi Collection in Varese
Another Ballard rug which has not been published in colour
The carpet offered at Sothebys in 1978 is a pretty thing,if genuine
|256-Sothebys 29 March 1978(91)|
Whereas the Williamsburg carpet is presumably a fake
Philadelphia 11 stumped C.G Ellis.It is a low-quality heavily restored old rug.
The last piece is a splendid example,best of a weak group,with a mixture of yellow and red ground borders
|259-V&A Hali 24-355|
E Type Border("4 Arrows")
|260-no access info|
|262-Dumas Collection MET 2009.458.6|
Finally, a fragment completed by the arch-forger Tuduc.The lower left-hand corner is original(see the black spots)A demonstration of Tuduc`s skill,although the yellow in the restored areas seems too dark.
Following the C-Type "Haring" border,the most frequently used border device is that with cartouche-medallions.These are either fully displayed,or are lopped off,disappearing under the main field.
Large Lotto carpets with medallion border.
The Textile Museum piece is nearly 8 metres in length
|266-Mackie,Splendour of Turkish weaving(30)|
|268-TM Journal 1-1|
|269-Ex Kelekian-Art Institute of Chicago|
|270-Art Institute of Chicago-Dimand Mailey 159|
A carpet from Bausback which later passsed to Hannes Bosch
From the dealer Berberyan via Roger Bechirian
The following sold at Picards on 19 September 1993 for $34,780
Published in 1945 by Michele Campana from a private collection in Varese
A carpet in the possession of Lord Buccleuch,perhaps since the 16th century,and which may have spawned the European models in the Duke`s collection.Has been shortened.
|275-Duke of Buccleuch,Hali 66(105)|
Flat and boring in a foto,but the closeup tells a different tale.The Bargello carpet measures 2.60 x 5.15
|276-Bargello Museum-Pagnano 10|
A piece from Divrigi with a rare border variant
The carpet sold at Lefevre for 24,000 pounds eventually entered the MET via the Seley Collection,and is in very good original condition
|279-Lefevre November 1977|
A carpet from the Wulf Collection,sold at Sothebys on 10 January 1979,was purchased from Stefano Bardini
|281-Sothebys 10 January 1979-Lot 21|
A carpet in the Islamic Museum Cairo has yet be investigated
|282-Islamic Museum Cairo|
The following sold for $50,050
|283-Sothebys 2 May 2001(lot 70)|
Small Lotto carpets with Medallion Borders.
Interestingly this group comprises rugs woven only in the "lateral"form.
The majority have a border with half-medallions between the cartouches.
One of the few Lottos still left in Turkey
|284-TIEM Ertug 1|
From the Dirksen sale of 1931
|285-Dirksen Sale 1931-523|
From the Bernheimer sale of 1996,with lazy lines.Sold for 9775 pounds
|286-Christies 14 February 1996-87|
A piece offered at Christies on 5 May 1977(61)
The following sold for 24,000 pounds sterling
|288-Christies April 2007-48|
|289-Wulff Collection 8|
An interesting example sold at Lefevre`s for 10,000 pounds.With a rare yellow border(but not the yellow of the field)
|290-Lefevre April 1979|
The following two pieces presumably from the same Atelier
|294-Sothebys October 1985-647|
The above sold for $14,058
The following fragment reached 2000 D-Mark at Nagels in 1990
|295-Nagels 13 October 1990-248|
From the Church of Sion in Switzerland
A piece sold at Sothebys New York on 23 November 1985(1) for $7,975,and which subsequently entered the Trefoil Collection
|297-Trefoil,Sothebys 11 November 1985-1|
Medallion border fragments.
Two pieces from the same carpet,the first published by Eskenazi in 1982,with exceptional draughtsmanship
The second exhibited in Vienna in 1986 and sold at Christies in 1999 for 4025 pounds sterling
|299-Christies October 14 1999-139|
A fragment from a large carpet published by Roberto Calatchi
Two fragments from the Keir Collection.A trace of border can be seen on the upper right hand corner of 19
|301-Keir Collection 19|
|302-Keir Collection 18|
A piece in the Budapest Musem with yellow-ground border
A fragment offered by Nagels on 19 November 1994(1107)for 1500 D-Mark
Two fragments published by Walter Denny are very similar;the second more compressed
|305-Textile Museum-Denny 24|
|306-Wolf Collection-Denny 25|
Offered at Finarte`s in Milan on 3 March 1989 for 7-8 million Lira
A last fragment from a Budapest Collection
Another group have a cut medallion design,usually halved,but sometimes 2/3rds of the design is visible.
(15 items)These rank amongst the best Lotto examples.
A beautiful carpet showed up at the Antiques roadshow in 2012 where it was appraised by James Ffrench
|309-Antiques Roadshow 2012|
Highly praised by Hali,the following was auctioned at Finarte on 31 March 1992 for $48,760(Hali 63-page 140)
|310-Finarte 31 March 1992(43)|
An example from the Bardini Museum
From the Jacquemart-Andre Museum in Paris
Another Williamsburg rug with a Beshir Galleries,New York,provenance
Three carpets feature the 2/3rds medallion border.
The first was published in the first Munich ICOC Catalogue,and later was with Peter Bausback,the so-called Cattowitz carpet
A second fragment was with Meschouliam
And the third example was published in Sarre-Trenkwald from the MAK in Vienna
The following first sold at Lefevre on 6 October 1978(43)for 27,000 pounds Sterling.This entered the Aita Collection and was subsequently re-auctioned on 18 October 2001 at Christies London for $133,040.Last seen with Moshe Tabibnia.See Hali APG 120-126.
The following once in the possession of Franz Sailer went unsold at his sale on October 1 1998(44)in New York,against an estimate of $200-250,00.Later with Tabibnia in Milan
|318-Tabibnia Hali 113(63)|
And finally a severly damaged piece offered at Finarte`s,Milan in 1995
|319-Finarte 4 November 1995(115)|
The following was at Nagels in 1978(Auction 273-172;sale price 5000 D Mark)and then again on 13 October 1990,where it failed to sell against an estimate of 6500 D-Mark;from the Collection of a well-known Museum director(?),restored in the Dahlem Museum with typical red backing;reappeared again at Lempertz on 20 November 2008
|320-Nagels 13 October 1990|
Cloudband Borders(11items)C.G Ellis likened the border forms to "octopii"
Some of these carpets are very large.The following measures 696 x 326 cms.From the Piyale Pasha Mosque Istanbul
Yves Mikaeloff`s piece was offered at his sale by Christies on 21 May 1997(165)for $12-18,000
From the Philadelphia Museum,reduced in length
The second large piece from Philadelphia.Ellis opined that it might be a 19th century re-make
The following sold in Milan for $ 15,460.Previously at Manzoni`s on 28 April 1983(140)
|325-Finarte 19 April 1997(108)|
Most of the smaller Lotto carpets with cloudband border have a lateral format
A carpet once with Alex Juran and later with Franz Sailer
A piece sold at Nagels on 14 October 1991(1081) for 9500 D-Mark.Later with David Sorgato in Milan
The above from the Bartholemew Church in Brasov
A fragment sold at Sothebys on 14 October 1998(51) for 12,650 pounds,in an Asymmetrical form
Finishing this section with some exquisite fragments from the Purrmann Collection
Meander Flower-Leaf border.
With a little imagination this becomes the "crab-flower"border in 19th century Kazaks.
All examples are laterally arranged.
From the Church at Rupea
Via the Chevalier Brothers in Paris(see Hali 84-149)
A fragment published by Ionescu from the Brukenthal Museum,like the others here with a blue-ground border
Sold for 10,000 D-Mark at Nagels on 9 May 1997(117)
An example published by Gantzhorn is in the Detroit Institute of Arts(70.926)Very stiff and with "wrong" blue accentuations in the field
A number of fragments with the Meander Flower-Leaf border have survived
|338-Ethnographic Museum Munich|
A rug advertised by Peter Pap could be considered a fragment
A fragment at the Jon Thompson sale went for $3000
|341-Thompson sale Sothebys 16.12.1993(72)72|
Other Meander borders.
A very rare border,recorded six times on Lotto carpets here,is the so-called "Gothic-Meander",which survived into 19th century Melas carpets.
The following published by General Dirik,said to heve been in Izmir
The following sold for $28,180,although heavily repaired
|343-Christies 2 October 2012|
Sold at Lefevre`s London on 28 November 1975(28) for 7,400 pounds Sterling
|344-Lefevre 28 November 1975-28|
A wild border variation in vernacular style
|345-TIEM-ICOC Catalogue 2-26|
A damaged but interesting rug offered at Sothebys on 27 February 2001(40)
A well-known carpet from the church of Harman,published in Tapis Turc
|347-Tapis Turc 3|
A border fragment from David Sorgato
The following three carpets all share the same border.Only the Bardini rug can be vouched for
A piece offered at the German auction house Ketterer
|350-Ketterer 16 October 1987-298|
|351-Koller 14 March 1987-1809|
The above sold for $16,286.The Hali APG(Hali 35-79)seems to refer to another rug.
A carpet once with Albert Boralevi has a related border
A very beautiful rug in Brasov
And two related examples in a very crisp style
The first from the Johanneum Museum in Graz
The second from the V&A holdings
Three pieces have a simplified Meander with large potato-stamp flowers
|356-Alexander Collection 245|
|358-Stanley Reed 47|
The "Scholtz Group" consists of three carpets in runner format and simplified field.The narrow size has been attributed fancifully to their use as stair-covering for a Minbar.Their format confirms the adage that "one size fits all"
The eponymous Scholtz rug was sold at Christies New York on 8 December 2008 for $20,000.It had previously been on an exhibition tour.
|359-Scholtz Collection Hali 88(108)|
The LA Mayer carpet was at Lefevre`s in 1976 where it sold for 3000 pounds.It has been shortened but the width is original.The Scholtz rug has 3.5 design units,and has been reduced in length.The Sothebys carpet had 4.5 and counting.
|360-LA Mayer Museum 6|
|361-Sothebys April 1983-122|
An example published by Herrmann with a well-drawn ragged palmette border
The extraordinary Berlin carpet with substration and diagonal colour flow,plus a Bardini-type border
A carpet with a border which survived into the 19th century on the Type A Star Kazaks
|365-Textile Gallery London-Hali 61-125|
A carpet from the Bistritz depot with a border adapted from the whiteground Selendi carpets
Two carpets employ a leaf and calyx border.The first seems genuinely old,from the Church in Harman,Transylvania
The second carpet was offered at Skinners on 3 June 1986,for $3000-5000,and described as late 18th/early 19th century,with an old rewoven border
Finally,a carpet published by Alberto Levi,severly reconfigured with perhaps a large horizontal width sewn onto vertically running borders.Nevertheless an old piece with a variant on the C Type "Haring" border
A number of field fragments in the Anatolian style round off this section
|370-Bonhams 10 August 2008-117|
The above went to Italy via Owen Parry
The second of the Bernheimer chairs,not quite so Papal
|372-Sothebys 20 September 2006-2(ex Bernheimer)|
A fragment sold at Sothebys on 20 April 1983 for 1,045 pounds Sterling
A piece at the Sylvester sale sold well for 2040 pounds Sterling
|376-David Sylvester Sale -26 February 2002(91)|
|377-Christie 2 October 2012-154|
The above sold for a buoyant $60,000(see Hali 174-106)