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Friday, 3 January 2014

The Holbein-Lotto Family,IV:The Lotto Carpets,Anatolian Style.

The Lotto carpets will also be dealt with by border type,after the presently accepted arrangement into three groups:the Anatolian,the Kilim,and the Ornamented style.The grouping was first formulated by G.G Ellis,and although some criticism has been vented from various quarters(mainly due to the terminology)the division is valid.The term "Kilim Style",incidentally,was coined by May Beattie.



227-Hali 3-4-280




228-Anatolian-Kilim-Ornamented Styles

The Anatolian Style.

Kufi Borders.

"A" Type Border("Chainlink")There is no record here of this border,which occurs on 19 Holbein carpets.This is strange,as the Anatolian Style Lotto group has usually been considered the oldest,following on or even contemporary with the SPH borders.



B Type Border("-Chainlink")
229-ATT 5-26

The above sold for $29,955 and was later published by Eberhart Herrmann in ATT 5(plate 26)

Followed by a very smart piece in the Cincinnati Museum of Art

230-Hali 64-134




C Type Border ("Haring")

A relaxed weaving from the Bardini Museum


231-Bardini 13


232-Berlin,Hali 42(30)







The above,formerly in the Bode Collection,seems never to have been published in colour and was destroyed in the last war.




A crisp and spacious example in the MET(08.167.1)from James Ballard



233-Ballard,St Louis,1935-XXI



A pretty fragment in the Ethnographic Museum Munich



234-Volkerkunde Museum Munich




The Williamsburg carpet has "wrong"minor guards


235-Lanier-23




236-MAD Paris,Hali 3-4-276(1)


The above seems not to have been published in colour



Below a carpet exhibited in Cleveland in 1920 from the McIlhenny Collection


237-McIlhenny,Cleveland 1920-XVI


238-Philadelphia 6


239-Philadelphia 8

Philadelphia 6 and 8 are quite similar,probably the same workshop.


Philadelphia 7 has the alternative version of this border with horizontal volutes


240-Philadelphia 7
Another champion from the Victoria & Albert Museum London

241-J.Wearden-114

Very well planned from the Wher Collection


242-Hali 3-4-282

From the James Lucas Collection,the following sold on 14 December 2001(lot 48) for $159,750,now with Moshe Tabibnia


243-Sothebys 14 December 2001(48)





David Sorgato`s piece was published by Gigi Pagnano and exhibited at the Hali Fair in 1998



244-David Sorgato-Hali fair 1998




A previously unknown piece in the Thyssen-Boremisza Collection



245-Thyssen-Spuhler 1

A piece published by the French dealer Roger Bechirian
246-Bechirian 247



From the ill-fated Ojjeh Collection via Eskenazi to Chris Alexander

247-Gantzhorn 409



Three fragments from the same carpet(note that the connecting line in the border runs around the outside on all three pieces)
248-McMullan 71


249-Boston Bulletin
250-Keir Collection 17


251-Munich ICOC Catalogue 2-6


252-Sothebys 5 April 2006-57


253-Keir Collection 16


D Type Border("X-Box")

The Viale carpet is from the Poglighi Collection in Varese

254-Viale 1952-155
Another Ballard rug which has not been published in colour

255-Ballard Dimand-20



The carpet offered at Sothebys in 1978 is a pretty thing,if genuine



256-Sothebys 29 March 1978(91)

Whereas the Williamsburg carpet is presumably a fake


257-Lanier-20


Philadelphia 11 stumped C.G Ellis.It is a low-quality heavily restored old rug.



258-Philadelphia 11

The last piece is a splendid example,best of a weak group,with a mixture of yellow and red ground borders

259-V&A Hali 24-355


E Type Border("4 Arrows")

260-no access info


261-RB 45-48

262-Dumas Collection MET 2009.458.6


263-Sanpetru-Ionescu 232

264-Schürmann 1976-57


Finally, a fragment completed by the arch-forger Tuduc.The lower left-hand corner is original(see the black spots)A demonstration of Tuduc`s skill,although the yellow in the restored areas seems too dark.



265-Ionescu,Tuduc,39


Following the C-Type "Haring" border,the most frequently used border device is that with cartouche-medallions.These are either fully displayed,or are lopped off,disappearing under the main field.



Large Lotto carpets with medallion border.



The Textile Museum piece is nearly 8 metres in length


266-Mackie,Splendour of Turkish weaving(30)



267-TM-Mackie IV

268-TM Journal 1-1

269-Ex Kelekian-Art Institute of Chicago

270-Art Institute of Chicago-Dimand Mailey 159



A carpet from Bausback which later passsed to Hannes Bosch


271-Hali 75-49
From the dealer Berberyan via Roger Bechirian


272-Berberyan-Bechirian 249

The following sold at Picards on 19 September 1993 for $34,780


273-Halevim-Hali 5-3-3



Published in 1945 by Michele Campana from a private collection in Varese




274-Campana 1945-73

A carpet in the possession of Lord Buccleuch,perhaps since the 16th century,and which may have spawned the European models in the Duke`s collection.Has been shortened.


275-Duke of Buccleuch,Hali 66(105)


Flat and boring in a foto,but the closeup tells a different tale.The Bargello carpet measures 2.60 x 5.15



276-Bargello Museum-Pagnano 10


277-Bargello-Eiland,2008,page 13

A piece from Divrigi with a rare border variant

278-Vakflar Carpets-51
The carpet sold at Lefevre for 24,000 pounds  eventually entered the MET via the Seley Collection,and is in very good original condition


279-Lefevre November 1977

280-Seley Collection,MET






A carpet from the Wulf Collection,sold at Sothebys on 10 January 1979,was purchased from Stefano Bardini

   


281-Sothebys 10 January 1979-Lot 21




A carpet in the Islamic Museum Cairo has yet be investigated



282-Islamic Museum Cairo
The following sold for $50,050

283-Sothebys 2 May 2001(lot 70)



Small Lotto carpets with Medallion Borders.


Interestingly this group comprises rugs woven only in the "lateral"form.
The majority have a border with half-medallions between the cartouches.

One of the few Lottos still left in Turkey


284-TIEM Ertug 1


From the Dirksen sale of 1931


285-Dirksen Sale 1931-523


From the Bernheimer sale of 1996,with lazy lines.Sold for 9775 pounds


286-Christies 14 February 1996-87



A piece offered at Christies on 5 May 1977(61)




287-Christies 1977


The following sold for 24,000 pounds sterling


288-Christies April 2007-48


289-Wulff Collection 8


An interesting example sold at Lefevre`s for 10,000 pounds.With a rare yellow border(but not the yellow of the field)


290-Lefevre April 1979

291-Bausback,75 Years(33)

292-McMullan 73
The following two pieces presumably from the same Atelier


293-Philadelphia 12

294-Sothebys October 1985-647
The above sold for $14,058

The following fragment reached 2000 D-Mark at Nagels in 1990

295-Nagels 13 October 1990-248
From the Church of Sion in Switzerland


296-Hali 27-38



A piece sold at Sothebys New York on 23 November 1985(1) for $7,975,and which subsequently entered the Trefoil Collection



297-Trefoil,Sothebys  11 November 1985-1


Medallion border fragments.

Two pieces from the same carpet,the first published by Eskenazi in 1982,with exceptional draughtsmanship


298-Eskenazi 1982-8


The second exhibited in Vienna in 1986 and sold at Christies in 1999 for 4025 pounds sterling


299-Christies October 14 1999-139

A fragment from a large carpet published by Roberto Calatchi

300-Calatchi 61


Two fragments from the Keir Collection.A trace of border can be seen on the upper right hand corner of 19




301-Keir Collection 19


302-Keir Collection 18


A piece in the Budapest Musem with yellow-ground border


303-Batari 8


A fragment offered by Nagels on 19 November 1994(1107)for 1500 D-Mark


304-Nagels 23-1107



Two fragments published by Walter Denny are very similar;the second more compressed

305-Textile Museum-Denny 24

306-Wolf Collection-Denny 25


Offered at Finarte`s in Milan on 3 March 1989 for 7-8 million Lira

307-Finarte 1989
A last fragment from a Budapest Collection
308-Budapest,Ledacs 1977-25


Another group have a cut medallion design,usually halved,but sometimes 2/3rds of the design is visible.
(15 items)These rank amongst the best Lotto examples.


A beautiful carpet showed up at the Antiques roadshow in 2012 where it was appraised by James Ffrench

Roadshow
309-Antiques Roadshow 2012



Highly praised by Hali,the following was auctioned at Finarte on 31 March 1992 for $48,760(Hali 63-page 140)



310-Finarte 31 March 1992(43)

An example from the Bardini Museum



311


From the Jacquemart-Andre Museum in Paris


312-Arabeschi 14


Another Williamsburg rug with a Beshir Galleries,New York,provenance


313-Lanier 19
Three carpets feature the 2/3rds medallion border.

The first was published in the first Munich ICOC Catalogue,and later was with Peter Bausback,the so-called Cattowitz carpet


314-Cattowitz-Bausback,Hali 107-49



A second fragment was with Meschouliam


315-Meschouliam



And the third example was published in Sarre-Trenkwald from the MAK in Vienna



316-Sarre-Trenkwald 1-55

The following first sold at Lefevre  on 6 October 1978(43)for 27,000 pounds Sterling.This entered the Aita Collection and was subsequently re-auctioned on 18 October 2001 at Christies London for $133,040.Last seen with Moshe Tabibnia.See Hali APG 120-126.


317-Milestones 6

The following once in the possession of Franz Sailer went unsold at his sale on October 1 1998(44)in New York,against an estimate of $200-250,00.Later with Tabibnia in Milan




318-Tabibnia Hali 113(63)



And finally a severly damaged piece offered at Finarte`s,Milan in 1995




319-Finarte 4 November 1995(115)



The following was at Nagels in 1978(Auction 273-172;sale price 5000 D Mark)and then again on 13 October 1990,where it failed to sell against an estimate of 6500 D-Mark;from the Collection of a well-known Museum director(?),restored in the Dahlem Museum with typical red backing;reappeared again at Lempertz on 20 November 2008


320-Nagels 13 October 1990


Cloudband Borders(11items)C.G Ellis likened the border forms to "octopii"

Some of these carpets are very large.The following measures  696 x 326 cms.From the Piyale Pasha Mosque Istanbul

321-TIEM-Ertug 48

Yves Mikaeloff`s piece was offered at his sale by Christies on 21 May 1997(165)for $12-18,000



322-Mikaelov-Hali 54-1


From the Philadelphia Museum,reduced in length



323-Philadelphia 9


The second large piece from Philadelphia.Ellis opined that it might be a 19th century re-make


324-Philadelphia 10


The following sold in Milan for $ 15,460.Previously at Manzoni`s on 28 April 1983(140)


325-Finarte 19 April 1997(108)



Most of the smaller Lotto carpets with cloudband border have a lateral format






326-Schmutzler 20

A carpet once with Alex Juran and later with Franz Sailer

327-Hali 50(79)


A piece sold at Nagels on 14 October 1991(1081) for 9500 D-Mark.Later with David Sorgato in Milan





328-Hali 90(61)




329-Ionescu 23



The above from the Bartholemew Church in Brasov


A fragment sold at Sothebys on 14 October 1998(51) for 12,650 pounds,in an Asymmetrical form

330-Sothebys 1998


Finishing this section with some exquisite fragments from the Purrmann Collection

331-Purrmann


Meander Flower-Leaf border.

With a little imagination this becomes the "crab-flower"border in 19th century Kazaks.

All examples are laterally arranged.


From the Church at Rupea



332-Rupea-Ionescu 20


Via the Chevalier Brothers in Paris(see Hali 84-149)



333-Chevalier 6





A fragment published by Ionescu from the Brukenthal Museum,like the others here with a blue-ground border




334-Ionescu,Anatolian Carpets...48b




Sold for 10,000 D-Mark at Nagels on 9 May 1997(117)



335-Nagel 28-117

An example published by Gantzhorn is in the Detroit Institute of Arts(70.926)Very stiff and with "wrong" blue accentuations in the field


336


A number of fragments with the Meander Flower-Leaf border have survived



337

338-Ethnographic Museum Munich



A rug advertised by Peter Pap could be considered a fragment


339-Peter Pap


340-Sibiu


A fragment at the Jon Thompson sale went for $3000


341-Thompson sale Sothebys 16.12.1993(72)72

Other Meander borders.

A very rare border,recorded six times on Lotto carpets here,is the so-called "Gothic-Meander",which survived into 19th century Melas carpets.

The following published by General Dirik,said to heve been in Izmir

342-Dirik(9)




The following sold for $28,180,although heavily repaired

343-Christies 2 October 2012





Sold at Lefevre`s London on 28 November 1975(28) for 7,400 pounds Sterling

344-Lefevre 28 November 1975-28


A  wild border variation in vernacular style




345-TIEM-ICOC Catalogue 2-26


A damaged but interesting rug offered at Sothebys on 27 February 2001(40)

346-Sothebys 2001

A well-known carpet from the church of Harman,published in Tapis Turc

347-Tapis Turc 3


A border fragment from David Sorgato

348-David Sorgato


The following three carpets all share the same border.Only the Bardini rug can be vouched for


349-Bardini-Hali 105-97

A piece offered at the German auction house Ketterer

350-Ketterer 16 October 1987-298




351-Koller 14 March 1987-1809
The above sold for $16,286.The Hali APG(Hali 35-79)seems to refer to another rug.

A carpet once with Albert Boralevi has a related border

352-Boralevi 13
A very beautiful rug in Brasov


353-Brasov-Ionescu 16

And two related examples in a very crisp style


The first from the Johanneum Museum in Graz

354-Vienna 5

The second from the V&A holdings


355-V&A-Wearden 115


Three pieces have a simplified Meander with large potato-stamp flowers


356-Alexander Collection 245

357-Sibiu-Ionescu 21

358-Stanley Reed 47


The "Scholtz Group" consists of three carpets in runner format and simplified field.The narrow size has been attributed fancifully to their use as stair-covering for a Minbar.Their format confirms the adage that "one size fits all"

The eponymous Scholtz rug was sold at Christies New York  on 8 December 2008 for $20,000.It had previously been on an exhibition tour.


359-Scholtz Collection Hali 88(108)


The LA Mayer carpet was at Lefevre`s in 1976 where it sold for 3000 pounds.It has been shortened but the width is original.The Scholtz rug has 3.5 design units,and has been reduced in length.The Sothebys carpet  had 4.5 and counting.


360-LA Mayer Museum 6

361-Sothebys April 1983-122

Other Borders.




362-Brasov-Ionescu 22


An example published by Herrmann with a well-drawn ragged palmette border


363-Herrmann,SOT V-2


The extraordinary  Berlin carpet with substration and diagonal colour flow,plus a Bardini-type border


364-Berlin,Hali 42-29



A carpet with a border which survived into the 19th century on the Type A Star Kazaks


365-Textile Gallery London-Hali 61-125

A carpet from the Bistritz depot with a border adapted from the whiteground Selendi carpets

366-Nürnberg-Hali 172(37)





Two carpets employ a leaf and calyx border.The first seems genuinely old,from the Church in Harman,Transylvania

367-Ionescu 51
The second carpet was offered at Skinners on 3 June 1986,for $3000-5000,and described as late 18th/early 19th century,with an old rewoven border

368-Skinners


Finally,a carpet published by Alberto Levi,severly reconfigured with perhaps a large horizontal width sewn onto vertically running borders.Nevertheless an old piece with a variant on the C Type "Haring" border

369-Boralevi 12



A number of field fragments in the Anatolian style round off this section


370-Bonhams 10 August 2008-117
The above went to Italy via Owen Parry


371-Bernheimer
The second of the Bernheimer chairs,not quite so Papal


372-Sothebys 20 September 2006-2(ex Bernheimer)


373-Alberto Boralevi


374-Clive Rogers

A fragment sold at Sothebys on 20 April 1983 for 1,045 pounds Sterling


375-Sothebys,Hali 5-4-534

A piece at the Sylvester sale sold well for 2040 pounds Sterling


376-David Sylvester Sale -26 February 2002(91)


377-Christie 2 October 2012-154

The above sold for a buoyant $60,000(see Hali 174-106)



Part V

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