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Friday, 3 January 2014

The Holbein-Lotto Carpets,V:Lotto carpets,Kilim Style


THE KILIM STYLE LOTTO GROUP


We have seen that the Kufi border is the -virtually-exclusive design on Holbein carpets,and dominant in the Anatolian Style of Lotto carpets.However,with the emergence of the "Kilim" style ,the Kufesque borders have lost greatly in importance.Only 12 examples are recorded here.


A Type Border("chainlink")

In his article on Holbein and Lotto rugs from 1986,C.G Ellis published this well-known example in a very sorry state,as Private Collection,Pescara.

378-OCTS II(175)

It had actually appeared 8 years before,fully restored,in Eberhart Herrmann`s first catalogue(1978).Having once belonged to Baron von Tucher,it had been published by Martin,Bode,Orendi,and been auctioned at the Paulette Godard sale,Sothebys November 1976



379-Herrmann,SOT 1


Another frequently published example is from the Bela Kiss Collection,now in the Budapest Museum of Applied Arts,in triple width.The story of its discovery is the subject of an amusing tale in Pasztor`s book.


380-Budapest-Pasztor 6


E-Type Border("4 Arrows")

A small group with some fine examples,all symmetrically designed.

Purchased by Benheimer`s in 1937 as a "Damaskus",this carpet is in such fine condition that questions have been raised as to its authenticity.However it has a very similar design to the following piece from Eskenazi.

381-Tabibnia VIII
382-Eskenazi-Hali 33(7)

Only one rug of this exact type has appeared at auction in living memory:the Healey Collection piece auctioned at Christies London on 10 October 2008 for $38,250.Later restored by Bob Mann in Denver.See Hali 158(133)


383-Christies 10 October 2008(35)




An example in Munich with a double width squeezed into the field was purchased before 1883


384-Bavarian National Museum

A carpet in Istanbul is the only example with this border in Turkey


385-TIEM-Ertug 49


A charming example in Brasov shows signs of simplification


386-Brasov


This section concludes with a fragment from the V&A


387-Hali 6-4-364-

And a fragment, said to be in the Black Church of Brashov,has been contributed by Hillary Dumas and Jay Jones

388


Two further rugs are recorded with Kufi.An august piece from the Jaquemart-Andre Museum in Paris bears the Flower Kufi border but without Kufi

389-Arabeschi 13


The C-Type "Haring" Border occurs only on this Kilm style example,which on both of its appearances at auction made world record prices.See Hali 105(139)and Hali 135(102)


390-Christies 29 April 2004-100

Medallion borders are the most frequently occurring in the Kilim group.With them we encounter a new phenomena,the Pars pro toto style.No two pieces are alike.An enlarged closeup depicts a moment frozen in time,whilst the rest of the design flows on beneath the borders.

There are three ways to represent this moment:the Asymmetric,in which Quatrefoils and Arabesque are evenly distributed;the Symmetric form,with quatrefoils running through the centre field,or in multiple widths;and the Lateral form,in which the quatrefoils fill out the sides and the arabesques fill the centre field.

Carpets of this type in the Kilim style were small and more coarsely woven than their Anatolian counterparts,with disproportionately wide borders.They were presumably cheaper and easier to produce,but their weavers must have been inordinately skillful,able to start at any point in the design-and also leave it when the field was finished.The final outcome was determined by the rug`s size.

Medallion borders:Asymmetric Form.

A fragmented carpet from the John Schorscher Collection Toronto


391-Schorscher Collection 10



A charming rug in an Austrian Collection is said to have lain 300 years long in an Austrian castle


392-Austrian Collection,TKF 16


From the Church in Rupea,Transylvania


393-Rupea Parish-Ionescu 237

394-Rupea Parish,Ionescu 40

Medallion borders:Lateral form.

The William Price carpet had been with Bausback in 1978,and was then auctioned at Sothebys on 25 November 2008(6)for $34,375(Hali 158-133)It returned to the block at Rippon Boswells on the 28 May 2011(195)selling for 13,420 euro


395-William Price Collection 


One of a number of Ballard rugs published in 1924

396-Heron-75
A carpet in Izmir was published by General Dirik in 1938

397-General Dirik-9






A fragment offered at Sothebys on 23 April 1980(87) sold for 140 pounds Sterling


398-Sothebys 1980




A piece published by Zia Bozoglu


399- Ghereh 39

A rug offered by Lefevre in 1980,from an old collection of classical carpets


400-Sarre Collection-Lefevre 5
A carpet from the Wher Collection later offered by Eskenazi


401-Hali 76(61)





Medallion borders:Symmetric Form.

This is the most frequntly occurring group.They were made displaying 1,1.5,2 and 2.5 quatrefoils.

1 Quatrefoil.The most common group.


Once in a Budapest Collection,this was sold at Bonhams on April 8 2008(69) for $12,420,to the German Auctioneer Hans Homm.See Hali 156(129)

402-Hans Homm
One of  three carpets in this category held by the Budapest Museum of Applied Arts,this is arguably the best


403-Batari 15

Batari`s Nr 17 shows signs of weakening,with its shrunken field,but perhaps this is purely a stylistic device  and no benchmark for dating


404-Batari 17

From the Black Church in Brasov


405-Ionescu 39


 The following went unsold at Christies on the 18 October 2001(84)Estimate $22-29,000


406-Christies 2001

407
408-The above 2 carpets from Sibiu

An example from the History Museum of Transylvania in Cluj



409-Ionescu 247

A carpet from Sibiu


410-Ionescu 41
 The following sold at Sothebys London on 12 October 1988 for $ 4,669


411-Sothebys 1988


Batari`s Nr 16 in the Budapest Arts Museum shows signs of severe fading,or the field colour is actually white


412


From:Ein Festschrift für P.W Meister


413-P.W Meister 22-5
 A carpet exhibited at Graz in 1974

414-Graz 1974




From the Black Church in Brasov


415-Brasov



And a fragmented piece from Sibiu published by Stefano Ionescu in his latest book,"Anatolian Carpets from the Brukenthal Museum",page 47


416





Two last carpets were woven with a double width.


From the Keir Collection,acqired in Florence in 1972


417-Keir 20


And a carpet sold at Finarte`s on 14 November 1986(3)is one of two recorded here with a half-medallion border in the Kilim style


418-Finarte


The other having been sold at Lefevre´s in London for 650 pounds Sterling


419



Meander borders.

The following seems to blend Anatolian and Kelim Styles,with a poorly drawn field


420-Erdmann.700 years-59




An example from the Beshir Galleries New York,published by Gantzhorn,despite its elegant border,is likely to be fraudulent



421-Ganzhorn 405

Two examples display a meander with stylised birds,also seen on the Ornamented carpet in Turin


A particularly fine example was published by the German dealer Haack,with light-blue border


422-Haack 81

Another from the English dealer Stephen Porter


423- Hali 26-14


Four pieces employ the Flower-Meander border.



The following was sold at Bukowskis Sweden in 2005 for 50,000 euro.It was subsequently exhibited by Peter Willborg for 100,000 pounds sterling at the Hali Fair in London in 2005,and re-auctioned at Christies London for $123,965.It subsequently entered the Mardjani Collection and was exhibited at the Pushkin Museum`s exhibition,"The 99 Names of God" in 2013



424-Christies 25 october 2007(Lot 25)

A carpet once owned by Franz Sailer and susequently sold at Christies NY on 12 September 1989(95)for $19,800

425-Sailer-Hali 27(2)


The following published by Schmutzler

426-Schmutzler 17


An example in the Museum of Applied Arts Budapest


427- Batari 11

A fragment sold by Lefevre on 15 April 1981(33) for 250 pounds

428-Lefevre



A carpet fragment in Istanbul has a border found on "re-entry" carpets



429-TIEM-THC 3-0305

Another three carpets bear the "Gothic Meander Border"

A carpet from the Hermitage Museum,one of two kilim style carpets with the "Gothic Meander" border

430-Hermitage



A carpet sold at Rippon Boswell on 28 May 2011 for $107,300



431-RB 28 may 2011-222


An example in the Jaquemart-Andre Museum in Paris is justly considered one of the best Lottos



432-Arabeschi 15



Cloudband Border.

About a third of these carpets with cloudbands feature a swastika in the border.

Large Carpets:-

Only three large pieces are recorder here with Cloudband borders.A grand conception is from the Murad Pasha Mosque in Antalya

433-Ertug 77



A large fragment from the Keir Collection

434-Carpet Magic,Thompson 33


And the world-record holder for a lotto carpet at auction,sold at Sothebys London on 24 October 2007 for $492,785(see Hali 154(147)


435-Sothebys 24 October 2007-3754

Two fragments from a large carpet were sold at Nagels and R-B`s respectively


The Nagels fragment bringing 1500 D-Mark on 7 May 1994

436-Nagels 22-1115


The RB fragment fetched 5800 euro on 20 May 2006


437-RB 67-003

Cloudband borders-small rugs.

Asymmetric form(the following have been identically aligned-some had the quatrefoil on the left,some on the right)

Once in the possession of Teppich Engelhardt,exhibited in Berlin


438-Engelhardt RB march 1980-67


Ambassador Aita`s piece had been sold at lefevre`s on October 4 1974(1) for 7000 pounds Sterling,and again at the Aita sale,Christies London,on 18 October 2001 for 21,150 pounds


439-Lefevre-Aita 228


A carpet from the Austrian Rug Society`s ICOC catalogue


440-Austria 4


The following once in the Detroit Institue of Arts,acquired from Salvadori, went unsold


441-Christies 20 April 2010-257


A piece from the German dealer Hans Eitzenberger


442-Hali 110


A piece from the Black Church in Brasov
443-Ionescu 32


A carpet at Christies on 9 June 1977(10)sold for 1800 pounds


444-Christies  


A piece from the Mounsey Collection in the V&A


445-OCTS II-175

446-Sibiu-8

A carpet from the Italian dealer David Sorgato,exhibited at the Stockholm ICOC


447-David Sorgato




A carpet offered at Sothebys on December 10 1992(125) reached  $14,300


448-Sothebys




Published by Jacoby in 1923 and subsequently offered at an AAA sale in 1925,this piece re-surfaced at Sothebys on 19 September 2003(76)where it sold for $10,200;later re-auctioned at Nagels Stuttgart for $49,530




449-Nagels 27.3.2012(13)

A carpet from the Budapest Museum of Fine Arts,with swastika elements


450-Budapest-Pasztor 10



451-No access info

Cloudband Borders-Symmetric Design.

A carpet once in the Bode Collection sold at RB`s on 5 December 2009(173) for $128,100.It had previously belonged to the Sarre Family,then a Dutch collection,and was exhibited in Austria in 1983

452-Bode-RB  Hali 161


A piece from the Maciet Collection,now in the Musee de Arts decoratifs


453-Arabeschi 10


Unsold at Rippon Boswell`s on 17 November 2001


454-RB 57-155


From the Vienna Museum of Applied Arts


455-MAK 13

A carpet from Biertan in Transylvania



456-Ionescu 29


A piece offered at Christies in 1993,estimate $3-4000


457-Christies 17 December 1993(67)




458-Schassburg


A piece from Sigisoara,subsequently restored

459-Brunhammer 21

Another Parisian example which has not been illustrated in colour



460-Hali 3-4-277


461-Stanley Reed-46

462-Sibiu-9


According to Stefano Ionescu,the following contains the earliest inscription on a Lotto rug:dated 1658 and 1710.From the Church at Sighișoara




463-Ionescu 36



An example from the Thyssen-Bornemisza Collection


464-Thyssen-Spuhler 2


A carpet from the Fitzwilliam Museum


465-PW Meister-24


Another example from Jacoby`s 1925 American Art Association foray


466-Jacoby

A beautiful example from the Black Church in Brașov

467-Brasov


And lastly a fragmented rug from the Brukenthal Museum in Sibiu


468-Ionescu,Anatolian Carpets...48c



Cloudband Borders-lateral design.

First published by Kurt Erdmann in "700 Years"this piece from the Jäger Collection was auctioned at the Dörling auction in 1985 for 13,500 D-Mark.The buyer was presumably Dr.Pakzad of Hannover,as the piece was exhibited in the Kestmer  Museum.Later auctioned at Christies on 25 October 2007(23)for $14,900

469-Dörling-Pakzad

The following from the Austrian Rug Society TKF


470-Austria-3



A piece featuring medallion and cloudband border from Brașov



471-Ionescu 228


A second piece from the Black Church

472-Brașov-Ionescu 44



Sold at Christies on 9 July 1981 for 9500 pounds


473-Christies 1981


The following sold at Christies great sale of classical carpets in London on October 17th 1996 for 38,900 pounds Sterling

474-Christies 1996

The following unsold at Christies in 2001
475-Christies 18 October 2001-86

Grote-Hasenbalg`s rug was also published by Orendi


476-Grote Hasenbalg
A carpet from a Budapest private collection

477



Published by Viale in 1952


478-Viale  157a


From the first Munich ICOC catalogue


479-Munich 1-5


From the Church at Rosenau.Ionescu remarks on its perfect symmetry


 
480-Rasnov-Ionescu 30




From the church at Sigișoara

481-Ionescu 37

Published in Hyphe Magazine
482-Hyphe Magazine-17



Sold at Nagels on 12 May 1998 for 18,000 D-Mark,later with Maktabi


483-Nagels Maktabi-Hali 110


A carpet from Franz Sailer


484-Weltkunst 15 June 1983-1626


A fragmented carpet from Sibiu published by Stefano Ionescu


485-Ionescu,Anatolian Carpets...47d


486-no access info

Ragged Leaf- Key Border.This comprises a ragged-leaf palmette joined to an Arabesque and separated by a key-like volute.A simplification occurs in which the leaf disappears or has been exchanged for a simple medallion,and the arabesque becomes an addorsed animal pair

Symmetric field

The Hakutsuru Sake Company of Japan maintains its own carpet museum,amongst which is this example(simplified border)




487-Hakutsuru 55



A fragment from Budapest,simple border



488-Budapest-Batari 10





A piece from the Frankfurt Museum of Applied Arts,apparently never published in colour


489-PW Meister-20





A carpet from the Otten Collection,in Europe`s first post-war carpet exhibition in Amsterdam 1946





490-Amsterdam 46-46





A very beautiful and ambitious work from the Church in Mediasch,withe full,original border



491-Ionesccu 28





A carpet from the Church at Rupea,simple border


492-Ionescu 24



From the Church in Sibiu



493-Ionescu 27

A piece offered at Sothebys on 15 October 1997(50)


494-Sothebys 1997




The carpet from Moshe Tabibnia was once in the Hirth Collection




495-Hali 110-93



Finally a carpet offered at Sothebys Islamic Sale,London,on 12 October 1988(424)



496-Sothebys October 1988-424


Ragged leaf Key border-Lateral field



497-no access info

498-Munich Ethnographic Museum


The following in the National Museum Budapest,ex-Count Teleki,with original border form


499-Ionescu 271


Sold at Christies in 1996 for $ 50,875(see Hali APG 90(120)

500-Christies October 1996-424


A lost rug published by Stefano Ionescu


501-Ionescu 6


From St.Margaret`s Church in Mediaș

502-Ionescu 242

Offered at Sothebys on 3 November 1978(13)for 400-600 pounds

503-Sothebys 1978



Auctioned twice at Rippon Boswell`s,first on 20 May 1995(147) for DM 42,000,then on 1 December 2007 (82) for 50,000 euro

504-RB 2007


A piece published by Daniel Walker

505-Walker 3
A carpet in Budapest
506-Pasztor 8


Rosette Border

Published by Gombos in 1977

507-Gombos 1
Two carpets from the Black Church in Brasov

508-Ionescu 45


509-Ionescu 46

A last carpet,sold at the Paulette Godard/Remarque sale at Sothebys London on 18th November 1976,eventually re-appeared in E.Herrmann,SOT IX,plate 5,offered for 94,500 D-Mark

510-Herrman SOT IX-5


 Hooked Star Border

The folllowing very rare on a blue ground.This was also at the Goddard/Remarque sale in London,later published by Bausback in 1977


511-Bausback 1977-6


From the Dirksen sale of 1931



512-Dirksen 1931-524


Sold at the legendary Dörling Sale on 14 May 1985 for 73,600 D Mark,this later surfaced with Danny Ghigo and lately Kashanian


513-Kashanian-Hali 151-151



Four Leaf Border

This border occurs on the Philadelphia Museums` green ground village Holbein,and survived into the 19th century.It appears-according to C.G Ellis-on a portrait of Edward VI in the national portrait Gallery London,dated c.1547.



514



A carpet in Strasburg,fragmented,was once in Berlin






515-Arabeschi 9
A second piece,surely later,was once with Herrmann(SOT X,7)and was passed up at Christies London on 13 October 2005(200)estimate $130-160,00
516-SOT 10

Cut and turned on its axis,the Edward VI becomes a familiar border from the 19th century


517

518

Stepped border with birds.

The following from the Maciet Collection(MAD,Paris)

519-MAD-Arabeschi 11


And a carpet from the Bistrita cache in Nüremberg




520-Hali 172-35





Other Borders

A serrated leaf border from Brasov



521-Brasov-Ionescu 43





The following carpet from Williamsburg suffers under the shadow of the other dubious pieces in the Lanier catalogue




522-Lanier 21



The last carpet in this section is a genuinely old and salient example from the Chateau Fontaine-Chaalis of the art-collecting duo Andree- Jacquemart,outside Paris.It`s likely that the swastika border here was the basis for the later cloudband-border Lottos with this design.It can also be seen on a carpet from Sion.In an article in Ghereh,Christine Klose noted the carry-over of this border design onto the "re-entry" carpets.



523-Ghereh 30-9


524-Sion

Part VI

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