THE KILIM STYLE LOTTO GROUP
We have seen that the Kufi border is the-virtually-exclusive design on Holbein carpets,and dominant in the Anatolian Style of Lotto carpets.However,with the emergence of the "Kilim" style ,the Kufesque borders have lost greatly in importance.Only 12 examples are recorded here.
A Type Border("chainlink")
In his article on Holbein and Lotto rugs from 1986,C.G Ellis published this well-known example in a very sorry state,as Private Collection,Pescara.
Another frequently published example is from the Bela Kiss Collection,now in the Budapest Museum of Applied Arts,in triple width.The story of its discovery is the subject of an amusing tale in Pasztor`s book.
E-Type Border("4 Arrows")
A small group with some fine examples,all symmetrically designed.
Purchased by Benheimer`s in 1937 as a "Damaskus",this carpet is in such fine condition that questions have been raised as to its authenticity.However it has a very similar design to the following piece from Eskenazi.
|383-Christies 10 October 2008(35)|
|384-Bavarian National Museum|
This section concludes with a fragment from the V&A
And a fragment, said to be in the Black Church of Brashov,has been contributed by Hillary Dumas and Jay Jones
|390-Christies 29 April 2004-100|
Medallion borders are the most frequently occurring in the Kilim group.With them we encounter a new phenomena,the Pars pro toto style.No two pieces are alike.An enlarged closeup depicts a moment frozen in time,whilst the rest of the design flows on beneath the borders.
There are three ways to represent this moment:the Asymmetric,in which Quatrefoils and Arabesque are evenly distributed;the Symmetric form,with quatrefoils running through the centre field,or in multiple widths;and the Lateral form,in which the quatrefoils fill out the sides and the arabesques fill the centre field.
Carpets of this type in the Kilim style were small and more coarsely woven than their Anatolian counterparts,with disproportionately wide borders.They were presumably cheaper and easier to produce,but their weavers must have been inordinately skillful,able to start at any point in the design-and also leave it when the field was finished.The final outcome was determined by the rug`s size.
Medallion borders:Asymmetric Form.
A fragmented carpet from the John Schorscher Collection Toronto
|391-Schorscher Collection 10|
|392-Austrian Collection,TKF 16|
From the Church in Rupea,Transylvania
|393-Rupea Parish-Ionescu 237|
|394-Rupea Parish,Ionescu 40|
Medallion borders:Lateral form.
The William Price carpet had been with Bausback in 1978,and was then auctioned at Sothebys on 25 November 2008(6)for $34,375(Hali 158-133)It returned to the block at Rippon Boswells on the 28 May 2011(195)selling for 13,420 euro
|395-William Price Collection|
One of a number of Ballard rugs published in 1924
A piece published by Zia Bozoglu
|399- Ghereh 39|
A rug offered by Lefevre in 1980,from an old collection of classical carpets
|400-Sarre Collection-Lefevre 5|
Medallion borders:Symmetric Form.
This is the most frequntly occurring group.They were made displaying 1,1.5,2 and 2.5 quatrefoils.
1 Quatrefoil.The most common group.
Once in a Budapest Collection,this was sold at Bonhams on April 8 2008(69) for $12,420,to the German Auctioneer Hans Homm.See Hali 156(129)
|408-The above 2 carpets from Sibiu|
A carpet from Sibiu
Batari`s Nr 16 in the Budapest Arts Museum shows signs of severe fading,or the field colour is actually white
From:Ein Festschrift für P.W Meister
|413-P.W Meister 22-5|
From the Black Church in Brasov
And a fragmented piece from Sibiu published by Stefano Ionescu in his latest book,"Anatolian Carpets from the Brukenthal Museum",page 47
Two last carpets were woven with a double width.
From the Keir Collection,acqired in Florence in 1972
And a carpet sold at Finarte`s on 14 November 1986(3)is one of two recorded here with a half-medallion border in the Kilim style
The other having been sold at Lefevre´s in London for 650 pounds Sterling
The following seems to blend Anatolian and Kelim Styles,with a poorly drawn field
An example from the Beshir Galleries New York,published by Gantzhorn,despite its elegant border,is likely to be fraudulent
A particularly fine example was published by the German dealer Haack,with light-blue border
Another from the English dealer Stephen Porter
|423- Hali 26-14|
Four pieces employ the Flower-Meander border.
The following was sold at Bukowskis Sweden in 2005 for 50,000 euro.It was subsequently exhibited by Peter Willborg for 100,000 pounds sterling at the Hali Fair in London in 2005,and re-auctioned at Christies London for $123,965.It subsequently entered the Mardjani Collection and was exhibited at the Pushkin Museum`s exhibition,"The 99 Names of God" in 2013
|424-Christies 25 october 2007(Lot 25)|
|427- Batari 11|
A fragment sold by Lefevre on 15 April 1981(33) for 250 pounds
Another three carpets bear the "Gothic Meander Border"
A carpet from the Hermitage Museum,one of two kilim style carpets with the "Gothic Meander" border
A carpet sold at Rippon Boswell on 28 May 2011 for $107,300
|431-RB 28 may 2011-222|
An example in the Jaquemart-Andre Museum in Paris is justly considered one of the best Lottos
About a third of these carpets with cloudbands feature a swastika in the border.
Only three large pieces are recorder here with Cloudband borders.A grand conception is from the Murad Pasha Mosque in Antalya
A large fragment from the Keir Collection
|434-Carpet Magic,Thompson 33|
And the world-record holder for a lotto carpet at auction,sold at Sothebys London on 24 October 2007 for $492,785(see Hali 154(147)
|435-Sothebys 24 October 2007-3754|
The RB fragment fetched 5800 euro on 20 May 2006
Cloudband borders-small rugs.
Asymmetric form(the following have been identically aligned-some had the quatrefoil on the left,some on the right)
|438-Engelhardt RB march 1980-67|
Ambassador Aita`s piece had been sold at lefevre`s on October 4 1974(1) for 7000 pounds Sterling,and again at the Aita sale,Christies London,on 18 October 2001 for 21,150 pounds
|441-Christies 20 April 2010-257|
A piece from the Mounsey Collection in the V&A
A carpet offered at Sothebys on December 10 1992(125) reached $14,300
Published by Jacoby in 1923 and subsequently offered at an AAA sale in 1925,this piece re-surfaced at Sothebys on 19 September 2003(76)where it sold for $10,200;later re-auctioned at Nagels Stuttgart for $49,530
|451-No access info|
A carpet once in the Bode Collection sold at RB`s on 5 December 2009(173) for $128,100.It had previously belonged to the Sarre Family,then a Dutch collection,and was exhibited in Austria in 1983
|452-Bode-RB Hali 161|
From the Vienna Museum of Applied Arts
A carpet from Biertan in Transylvania
A piece offered at Christies in 1993,estimate $3-4000
|457-Christies 17 December 1993(67)|
A piece from Sigisoara,subsequently restored
According to Stefano Ionescu,the following contains the earliest inscription on a Lotto rug:dated 1658 and 1710.From the Church at Sighișoara
An example from the Thyssen-Bornemisza Collection
A carpet from the Fitzwilliam Museum
Another example from Jacoby`s 1925 American Art Association foray
And lastly a fragmented rug from the Brukenthal Museum in Sibiu
Cloudband Borders-lateral design.
First published by Kurt Erdmann in "700 Years"this piece from the Jäger Collection was auctioned at the Dörling auction in 1985 for 13,500 D-Mark.The buyer was presumably Dr.Pakzad of Hannover,as the piece was exhibited in the Kestmer Museum.Later auctioned at Christies on 25 October 2007(23)for $14,900
The following unsold at Christies in 2001
|475-Christies 18 October 2001-86|
Grote-Hasenbalg`s rug was also published by Orendi
From the first Munich ICOC catalogue
From the church at Sigișoara
Published in Hyphe Magazine
|483-Nagels Maktabi-Hali 110|
A carpet from Franz Sailer
|484-Weltkunst 15 June 1983-1626|
A fragmented carpet from Sibiu published by Stefano Ionescu
|486-no access info|
Ragged Leaf- Key Border.This comprises a ragged-leaf palmette joined to an Arabesque and separated by a key-like volute.A simplification occurs in which the leaf disappears or has been exchanged for a simple medallion,and the arabesque becomes an addorsed animal pair
The Hakutsuru Sake Company of Japan maintains its own carpet museum,amongst which is this example(simplified border)
A fragment from Budapest,simple border
A piece from the Frankfurt Museum of Applied Arts,apparently never published in colour
A carpet from the Otten Collection,in Europe`s first post-war carpet exhibition in Amsterdam 1946
A very beautiful and ambitious work from the Church in Mediasch,withe full,original border
A carpet from the Church at Rupea,simple border
From the Church in Sibiu
A piece offered at Sothebys on 15 October 1997(50)
The carpet from Moshe Tabibnia was once in the Hirth Collection
|496-Sothebys October 1988-424|
|497-no access info|
|498-Munich Ethnographic Museum|
Sold at Christies in 1996 for $ 50,875(see Hali APG 90(120)
|500-Christies October 1996-424|
Offered at Sothebys on 3 November 1978(13)for 400-600 pounds
Auctioned twice at Rippon Boswell`s,first on 20 May 1995(147) for DM 42,000,then on 1 December 2007 (82) for 50,000 euro
Published by Gombos in 1977
A last carpet,sold at the Paulette Godard/Remarque sale at Sothebys London on 18th November 1976,eventually re-appeared in E.Herrmann,SOT IX,plate 5,offered for 94,500 D-Mark
|510-Herrman SOT IX-5|
The folllowing very rare on a blue ground.This was also at the Goddard/Remarque sale in London,later published by Bausback in 1977
Sold at the legendary Dörling Sale on 14 May 1985 for 73,600 D Mark,this later surfaced with Danny Ghigo and lately Kashanian
Four Leaf Border
This border occurs on the Philadelphia Museums` green ground village Holbein,and survived into the 19th century.It appears-according to C.G Ellis-on a portrait of Edward VI in the national portrait Gallery London,dated c.1547.
A carpet in Strasburg,fragmented,was once in Berlin
Cut and turned on its axis,the Edward VI becomes a familiar border from the 19th century
The following from the Maciet Collection(MAD,Paris)
And a carpet from the Bistrita cache in Nüremberg
A serrated leaf border from Brasov
The following carpet from Williamsburg suffers under the shadow of the other dubious pieces in the Lanier catalogue
The last carpet in this section is a genuinely old and salient example from the Chateau Fontaine-Chaalis of the art-collecting duo Andree- Jacquemart,outside Paris.It`s likely that the swastika border here was the basis for the later cloudband-border Lottos with this design.It can also be seen on a carpet from Sion.In an article in Ghereh,Christine Klose noted the carry-over of this border design onto the "re-entry" carpets.